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The organizational body behind Matter has promised that the new standard will be the great unifier of smart homes. While it is absolutely the beginning of something great, it won’t mean a lot for HomeKit users out of the gate.
Matter is a new smart home standard that will work with nearly all manufacturer ecosystems with a single certification. The centralized process will allow you to create that same lightbulb but instead of getting independent certifications, you just get certified with Matter.
After a few short delays, Matter is set to release this fall and launch with more than 130 devices. Those Matter-certified devices will work with Apple Home, Alexa, Google Assistant, and SmartThings out of the box.
Prior to Matter, device manufacturers have to get certifications for each platform. For example, if you were developing a smart light bulb, you’d have to be certified to work with Apple Home, Samsung SmartThings, Google Assistant, and Amazon Alexa.
For accessory makers, this is a costly and drawn-out process that slows the release of accessories to the market. It also frustrates users as manufacturers may choose to only work with one platform or another.
Matter aims to ease these burdens.
Matter’s road to 1.0
Matter has been a joint effort led by the Connectivity Standards Alliance. Apple, among many others, is a member of the CSA and has worked in making decisions for the standard.
Since its announcement, Matter seemingly had a bumpy road on its way to an initial release. With so many players working together, it would be more surprising if there weren’t delays.
The most recent hold-up was announced in March, pushing the release just slightly. Matter was expected to be available “mid-2022” but has shifted to the fall instead.
By all expectations, this isn’t a huge delay and the benefits are worth it.
As the Matter SDK was continuously modified in early 2022, the CSA — the standards alliance behind Matter — determined that a ninth testing event would be beneficial. The developers prioritized stability, cleanup, and code quality as they marched toward release.
The CSA told AppleInsider that it had added extra testing events that saw more than 130 devices from more than 50 companies in testing. The testing event helped to ensure that the standard is reliable from day one.
Beyond adding a testing event, member organizations have continued to contribute to the standard. What started as supporting roughly five to six platforms — including iOS — has now ballooned to 16.
That’s 16 at launch, with iOS, Android, Linux, and 13 others included.
This isn’t Matter’s first delay, but amid the trials and tribulations brought on during the COVID outbreak, the light is now at the end of the tunnel.
Similarities with Apple Home
Partially because of Apple’s contributions, many aspects of Matter mirror that of HomeKit, or what is now called Apple Home.
For example, the Matter certification process requires devices to meet a stringent set of criteria. Hardware is independently tested in regional labs to ensure they meet all requirements.
That’s similar to HomeKit, in that accessories are sent to Apple for testing before receiving the much-sought certification badge. Other platforms share similar requirements.
Devices also work primarily locally instead of being reliant on the cloud. Should a company go under, products should continue to operate thanks to local connections and hubs instead of becoming unusable.
The pairing process also mirrors that of Apple Home with unique codes printed on the devices. During Apple’s WWDC pledge to support Matter, Apple boasted how its ultra-secure pairing process was the foundation for Matter.
How Matter will work with Apple Home
Theoretically, Matter devices will just work with Apple Home. A Matter device will have a pairing code that can be scanned and added to the Home app like a HomeKit-enabled accessory.
It will then operate indistinguishably from a HomeKit accessory. If you have HomeKit devices in your home, they’ll work alongside any Matter accessories you choose to add.
Apple officially delivered full Matter support to users with iOS 16.1 which was recently released.
While it seems all easy-peasy, there are some hiccups. For example, let’s look at the devices are supported with Matter 1.0.